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Lincoln On Purpose Of Government

As noted, the Preamble’s statements of purpose do not themselves grant powers or confer rights; the substantive provisions in the main body of the Constitution do that. There is not, for example, a general government power to do whatever it judges will “promote the general Welfare.” The national government’s powers are specified in Article I and other provisions of the Constitution, not the Preamble. Congress has never relied on the Preamble alone as the basis for a claimed power to enact a law, and the Supreme Court has never relied on the Preamble as the sole basis for any constitutional decision. Still, the declared purposes for the Constitution can assist in understanding, interpreting, and applying the specific powers listed in the articles, for the simple reason that the Constitution should be interpreted in a manner that is faithful to its purposes.

Government purposemeans any activity in which the Government is a party, including cooperative agreements with international or multi-national defense organizations or sales or transfers by the Government to foreign governments or international organizations. Government Purposes include competitive procurement, but do not include the rights to practice a Subject Invention for commercial purposes or authorize others to do so. Protection from fellow citizens includes enforcing civil law that defines property, contracts and minor injuries so people can effectively exercise their right to acquire and possess property and sue people for less than criminal injuries. State laws must protect the integrity of the family by defining marriage and specifying duties and rights of family members.

Most recent in the Founders’ experience was the government established by the Articles of Confederation—a “firm league of friendship” that had been too weak to provide an effective form of government. This was to be a republic that worked—not one that failed as all previous attempts had. They were well acquainted with the claim that liberty and safety are best secured by a government of separated and divided powers, accompanied by proper checks and balances. The Framers’ republic went one step further by dividing power between two “distinct governments” to cite Federalist No. 51—the federal level and the state level, and then subdividing power among separate departments or branches within these governments. Finally, governments provide for the “general welfare” of their people.

Enter the asserted rights category (e.g., Government purpose license rights from a prior contract, limited, restricted, or Government purpose rights under this or a prior contract, or specially negotiated licenses). The Government shall have Government purpose rights for a five-year period after contract completion or for such other period as may be mutually negotiated. The parties have agreed shall be delivered with Government purpose rights. My teacher lowered my grade on a paper because I described a scene as grizzly. When I read a page of a book, I can’t go back and remember it.

The stronger and smarter people might try to take away other people’s lives, liberty, or property. Think what your classroom might be like if there were no rules. Think what might happen if the teacher didn’t have the right to tell anyone what to do. Many of the Founders believed people receive these rights from God. Others believed that people have them just because it is natural for people to have them.

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